Land Bird Conservation Plan Colorado  

Executive Summary
Overview of Colorado
Physiographic Region 36
Physiographic Region 62
Physiographic Region 87
Implementation Strategies
Literature Cited
Appendices

Literature Cited

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_____. 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas.

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_____, and N. Masters. 1980. Avian communities in the pinyon-juniper woodland: a descriptive analysis. Pages 146-169 in Management of western forests and grasslands for nongame birds. Workshop Proceedings, Salt Lake City, Utah. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-86.

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_____, and J. K. Schmutz. 1995. Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis). In The birds of North America, No. 172 (A. Poole and F. Gill, editors). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

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_____, V. A. Saab, T. D. Rich, and D. S. Dobkin. 1992. Effects of livestock grazing on Neotropical migratory land birds in western North America. Pages 296-309 in Status and management of Neotropical migratory birds (D. M. Finch and P. W. Stangel, editors). U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM-229.

_____, and B. Webb. 1984. Birds as grazing indicator species in southeastern Arizona. Journal of Wildlife Management 48:1045-1049.

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_____. 1980. Alpine bird communities of western North America: implications for management and research. Pages 280-291 in Workshop proceedings: management of western forests and grasslands for nongame birds. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-86.

_____. 1994. Band-tailed Pigeon. Pages 61-74 in Migratory shore and upland game bird management in North America (T. C. Tacha and C. E. Braun, editors). International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, Washington, D.C.

_____. 1995. Distribution and status of Sage Grouse in Colorado. Prairie Naturalist 27:1-9.

_____, M. F. Baker, R. L. Eng, J. S. Gashwiler, and M. H. Schroeder. 1976. Conservation committee report on effects of alteration of sagebrush communities on the associated avifauna. Wilson Bulletin 88:165-171.

_____, T. Britt, and R. O. Wallestad. 1977. Guidelines for maintenance of Sage Grouse habitats. Wildlife Society Bulletin 5(3): 99-106.

_____, R. B. Davies, J. R. Dennis, K. A. Green, and J. L. Sheppard. 1992. Plains Sharp-tailed Grouse recovery plan. Colorado Division of Wildlife, Denver, Colorado.

_____, R. W. Hoffman, and G. E. Rogers. 1976. Wintering areas and winter ecology of White-tailed Ptarmigan in Colorado. Colorado Division of Wildlife Special Report No. 38.

_____, K. Martin, and L. A. Robb. 1993. White-tailed Ptarmigan (Lagopus leucurus). In The birds of North America, No. 68 (A. Poole and F. Gill, editors). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Brown, B. T. 1993. Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii). In The birds of North America, No. 35 (A. Poole and F. Gill, editors). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and the American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Brown, D. E. (editor). 1994. Biotic communities southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah.

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Buhlmann, K. A., J. C. Mitchell, and C. A. Pague. 1996. Amphibian and small mammal abundance and diversity in saturated forested wetlands and adjacent uplands of southeastern Virginia. In Proceedings of a workshop on saturated forested wetlands in the Mid-Atlantic Region: the state of the science (S. D. Eckles, A. Jennings, A. Spingarn, and C.Wienhold, editors). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Busch, D. E., and M. L. Scott. 1995. Western riparian areas. In Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of U.S. plants, animals, and ecosystems (E. T. LaRoe, G. S. Farris, C. E. Puckett, P. D. Doran, and M. J. Mac, editors). U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, D.C.

Carter, M. F., and S. W. Gillihan. In press. Influence of stand shape, size, and structural stage on forest bird communities in Colorado. Pages 271-284 in Forest fragmentation in the Southern Rocky Mountains (R. L. Knight, F. W. Smith, S. W. Buskirk, W. H. Romme, and W. L. Baker, editors). University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

_____, W. C. Hunter, and D. N. Pashley. 1999. Setting landbird conservation priorities for states, provinces, and physiographic areas of North America. In Strategies for bird conservation: The Partners in Flight planning process (R. Bonney, D. N. Pashley, R. J. Cooper, and L. Niles, editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York.

Central Shortgrass Prairie Ecoregional Planning Team. 1998. Ecoregion-based conservation in the Central Shortgrass Prairie. The Nature Conservancy of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.

Chase, C. A., S. J. Bissell, H. E. Kingery, and W. D. Graul (editors). 1982. Colorado bird distribution latilong study. Colorado Field Ornithologists and Colorado Division of Wildlife, Denver.

Clark, R. J. 1975. A field study of the Short-eared Owl, Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan), in North America. Wildlife Monographs 47:1-67.

Cochran, J. F., and S. H. Anderson. 1987. Comparison of habitat attributes at sites of stable and declining Long-billed Curlew populations. Great Basin Naturalist 47:459-466.

Commons, M. L. 1997. Movement and habitat use by Gunnison sage grouse (Centrocercus minimus) in southwestern Colorado. M.S. thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

Connelly, J. W., and C. E. Braun. 1997. Long-term changes in Sage Grouse Centrocercus urophasianus populations in western North America. Wildlife Biology 3:229-234.

_____, M. W. Gratson, and K. P. Reese. 1998. Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus). In The birds of North America, No. 354 (A. Poole and F. Gill, editors). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and the American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Conry, J. A. 1978. Resource utilization, breeding biology and nestling development in an alpine tundra passerine community. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.

Cooke, W. W. 1897. The birds of Colorado. State Agricultural College, Bulletin No. 37, Technical Series No. 2, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Cooper, D. J. 1986. Community structure and classification of Rocky Mountain wetland ecosystems. Pages 66-147 in An ecological characterization of Rocky Mountain montane and subalpine wetlands (J. T. Windell, T., B. E. Willard, D. J. Cooper, S. Q. Foster, C. F. Knud-Hansen, L. P. Rink, and G. N. Kiladis, editors). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Report 86(11). National Ecology Center, Washington D.C.

Craighead, J. J., and F. C. Craighead. 1956. Hawks, owls, and wildlife. Wildlife Management Institute, Washington, D.C., and Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Creighton, P. D. 1974. Habitat exploitation by an avian ground-foraging guild. Ph.D. dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.

_____, and P. H. Baldwin. 1974. Habitat exploitation by an avian ground-foraging guild. Grassland Biome, U.S. International Biological Program Technical Report No. 263.

Crockett, A. B., and H. H. Hadow. 1975. Nest site selection by Williamson's and Red-naped Sapsuckers. Condor 77:365-368.

Csada, R. D., and R. M. Brigham. 1992. Common Poorwill (Phalaenoptilus nuttallii). In The birds of North America, No. 32 (A. Poole and F. Gill, editors). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Dahl, T. E. 1990. Wetland losses in the United States: 1780s to 1980s. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, D.C.

DeByle, N. V. 1981. Songbird populations and clearcut harvesting of aspen in northern Utah. U.S. Forest Service Research Note INT-302.

_____. 1985. Wildlife. Pages 135-152 in Aspen: ecology and management in the western United States (N. V. DeByle and R. P. Winokur, editors). U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM-119.

_____, C. D. Bevins, and W. C. Fischer. 1987. Wildfire occurrence in aspen in the interior western United States. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 2:73-76.

Dechant, J. A., M. L. Sondreal, D. H. Johnson, L. D. Igl, C. M. Goldade, P. A. Rabie, and B. R. Euliss. 1999. Effects of management practices on grassland birds: McCown's Longspur. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Jamestown, North Dakota. [http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/literatr/grasbird/grasbird.htm]

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_____. 1995. Nesting success of Least Terns, Piping Plovers, and Snowy Plovers: evaluation of predator exclosures in southeastern Colorado. Unpublished report to Colorado Division of Wildlife and Bureau of Land Management, Denver. Colorado Bird Observatory, Brighton, Colorado.

Eyre, F. H. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, 5400 Grosvenor Lane, Washington, D.C. 20014.

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Finch, D. M., S. H. Anderson, and W. A. Hubert. 1987. Habitat suitability index models: Lark Bunting. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 82 (10.137).

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Furniss, R. L. and V. M. Carolin. 1977. Western forest insects. Miscellaneous Publication 1339, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.

Gaines, M. S., and M. R. Ryan. 1988. Piping Plover habitat use and reproductive success in North Dakota. Journal of Wildlife Management 52:266-73.

Gamble, L. R., and T. M. Bergin. 1996. Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis). In The birds of North America, No. 227 (A. Poole and F. Gill, editors). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and the American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

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Giesen, K. M. 1994a. Breeding range and population status of Lesser Prairie-Chickens in Colorado. Prairie Naturalist 26:175-182.

_____. 1994b. Movements and nesting habitat of Lesser Prairie-Chickens in Colorado. Southwestern Naturalist 39:96-98.

_____. 1998. Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tymanuchus pallidicinctus). In The birds of North America, No. 364 (A. Poole and F. Gill, editors). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

_____, and C. E. Braun. 1992. Winter home range and habitat characteristics of White-tailed Ptarmigan in Colorado. Journal of Wildlife Management 57:72-77.

Graul, W. D. 1973. Adaptive aspects of the Mountain Plover social system. Living Bird 12:69-94.

_____. 1975. Breeding biology of the Mountain Plover. Wilson Bulletin 87:6-31.

_____. 1980. Grassland management practices and bird communities. Pages 38-47 in Management of western forests and grasslands for nongame birds (R. M. DeGraaf, technical coordinator). U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-86.

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Gutiérrez, R. J., C. E. Braun, and T. P. Zapatka. 1975. Reproductive biology of the Band-tailed Pigeon in Colorado and New Mexico. Auk 92:665-677.

_____, A. B. Franklin, and W. S. Lahaye. 1995. Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis). In The birds of North America, No. 179 (A. Poole and F. Gill, editors). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

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_____, and M. B. Dillon (editors). 1988. Colorado bird distribution latilong study. Colorado Division of Wildlife, Denver.

Kirsch, L. M., and K. F. Higgins. 1976. Upland Sandpiper nesting and management in North Dakota. Wildlife Society Bulletin 4:16-20.

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Knick, S. T., and J. T. Rotenberry. 1995. Landscape characteristics of fragmented shrubsteppe habitats and breeding passerine birds. Conservation Biology 9:1059-1071.

Knopf, F. L. 1986. Changing landscapes and the cosmopolitism of the eastern Colorado avifauna. Wildlife Society Bulletin 14:132-142.

_____. 1994. Avian assemblages on altered grasslands. Pages 247-257 in A century of avifaunal change in western North America (J. R. Jehl, Jr., and N. K. Johnson, editors). Studies in Avian Biology No. 15.

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_____. 1996b. Prairie legacies--birds. Pages 135-148 in Prairie Conservation (F. B. Samson and F. L. Knopf, editors). Island Press, Washington, D.C.

_____, and J. R. Rupert. 1996. Reproduction and movements of Mountain Plovers breeding in Colorado. Wilson Bulletin 108:28-35.

_____, and M. L. Scott. 1990. Altered flows and created landscapes in the Platte River Headwaters, 1840-1990. Pages 47-70 in Management of dynamic ecosystems (J. M. Sweeney, editor). North Central Section, The Wildlife Society, West Lafayette, Indiana.

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_____, and A. L. Baily. 1950. First breeding record of Black Swifts, Nepoecetes n. borealis, in Colorado. Auk 67:516.

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_____, W. D. Graul, and R. Zaccagnini. 1977. The breeding status of the Long-billed Curlew in Colorado. Auk 94:599-601.

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